Shih Tzu

FCI standard Nº 208

Origin
Tibet, patronage Great Britain
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Section
Section 5 Tibetan breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 16 December 1957
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 22 August 2017
Last update
Monday 09 October 2017
En français, cette race se dit
Shih Tzu
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Shih Tzu
En español, esta raza se dice
Shih Tzu
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Shih Tzu

Usage

Companion Dog.

Brief historical summary

People tend to get confused between the Apso and the Shih Tzu, but there are a number of very distinct differences. Roots of this breed are in Tibet but it was developed in China, where dogs like these lived in the imperial palaces. China became a republic in 1912 after which examples of the breed found their way to the West, though the first recorded importation to Britain was not until 1931. It was recognised as a breed separate from other Oriental breeds in 1934 and granted a separate register by the Kennel Club in 1940, with challenge certificates on offer from 1949. The chrysanthemum look to the Shih Tzu’s head is most appealing, and this is caused by the hair growing upwards on the bridge of the nose.

General appearance

Sturdy, abundantly but not excessively coated dog with distinctly arrogant carriage and ‘chrysanthemum-like’ face.

Important proportions

Longer between withers and root of the tail than height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Intelligent, active and alert. Friendly and independant.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Head broad, round, wide between the eyes. Shock-headed with good beard and whiskers, hair growing upwards on the muzzle giving a distinctly ‘chrysanthemum-like’ effect. Not affecting the dog’s ability to see.
Stop
Definite.

Facial region

Nose
Black but dark liver in liver or liver marked dogs. Top of nose leather should be on a line with or slightly below lower eye rim. Nose level or slightly tip-tilted. Wide-open nostrils. Down-pointed nose highly undesirable, as are pinched nostrils.
Muzzle
Of ample width, square, short, not wrinkled; flat and hairy. Length about 2,5 cms from tip to stop. Pigmentation of muzzle as unbroken as possible.
Lips
Level.
Jaws and teeth
Wide, slightly undershot or level (pincer bite, edge to edge).
Eyes
Large, dark, round, placed well apart but not prominent. Warm expression. In liver or liver-marked dogs, lighter eye colour permissible. No white of eye showing.
Ears
Large, with long leathers, carried drooping. Set slightly below crown of skull, so heavily coated they appear to blend into hair of neck.

Neck

Well proportioned, nicely arched. Sufficient length to carry head proudly.

Body

Back
Level.
Loin
Well coupled and sturdy.
Chest
Broad, deep and well let down.

Tail

Heavily plumed carried gaily well over back. Set on high. Height approximately level with that of skull to give a balanced outline.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Firm, well laid back.
Forearm
Legs short and muscular with ample bone, as straight as possible, consistent with broad chest being well let down.
Forefeet
Rounded, firm and well covered with hair.

Hindquarters

Generality
Legs short and muscular with ample bone. Straight when viewed from the rear.
Upper thigh
Well rounded and muscular.
Hind feet
Rounded, firm and well padded. Well covered with hair.

Gait and movement

Arrogant, smooth-flowing, front legs reaching well forward, strong rear action and showing full pad.

Coat

Hair
Outer coat long, dense, not curly, with moderate undercoat, not woolly. Slight wave permitted. Hair not affecting the dog’s ability to see. Length of coat should not restrict movement. It is strongly recommended that the hair on head is tied up without adornment.
Colour
All colours permissible, white blaze on forehead and white tip to tail highly desirable in parti-colours.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Not more than 27 cms.
Type and breed characteristics of the utmost importance and on no account to be sacrificed to size alone.
Weight
4.5 to 8 kgs. Ideal weight 4.5 - 7.5 kgs

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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