Perro Leonés de Pastor

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Spain
Translation
Francis Vandersteen

Usage

Sheepdog.

Brief historical summary

The pastoral culture of northern Spain, and in particular livestock or subsistence farming in the province of León, required the use of grazing dogs to handle flocks, mainly sheep, on pasture and fallow land. For this purpose, medium-sized dogs were developed, perfectly adapted to these peculiarities and presenting morphological and functional characteristics geared to their aptitudes.

General appearance

Hardy, harmonious, active and agile, with a lively, intelligent expression. Always alert, medium-sized, eumetrical and sub-longlined. Characterized by austerity and strength. Unalterable in its work under the most adverse and variable weather conditions.

Important proportions

The ratio between height (at withers) and length (longitudinal diameter) is 1:1.13 in males and 1:1.14 in females. Slightly longer than tall.
The ratio between the length of the skull and the length of the muzzle is 1 / 0.86 in males and 1 / 0.89 in females.
The ratio between thoracic circumference and height at withers is 5/4 in both sexes.
The ratio between height at withers and sub-static height is 1/0.58 in both sexes.

Behaviour / temperament

Inborn disposition to the demands of grazing. Highly attentive and able to learn. Relentless at work and always waiting for its owner, sometimes a little sullen with strangers.

Head

Cranial region

Head
The length of the head is approximately twice its width.
Skull
Subconvex, slightly domed cranial profile, with well-defined but not accentuated frontonasal depression. Clearly divergent craniofacial lines. Skull slightly longer than it is wide.

Facial region

Nose
Well pigmented nose and mucous membranes.
Muzzle
Cone-shaped muzzle, truncated but not pointed. Slightly shorter than the skull, so that the length of the muzzle is slightly less than that between the lower limit of the fronto-nasal depression and the most protruding edge of the occiput.
Lips
Attached, but not pendulous.
Jaws and teeth
Complete, healthy dentition with scissor bite.
Eyes
Rounded eyes with a lively, intelligent gaze. Dark with black or fawn-black eyelids. In harlequins, they are sharper, depending on skin pigmentation, and sometimes have a bluish-white patch over the iris on one or both eyes.
Ears
The ears are of medium or superior insertion at the corner of the eye and appear folded on themselves and drooping, or folded and carried backwards. In attention may be semi-rigid.

Neck

Muscular, proportionate to the body without being long.

Body

Body
Tapered trunk.
Topline
Straight.
Withers
Slightly larger than the croup.
Back
Strong, muscular, well proportioned.
Loin
Strong, slightly sloping.
Croup
Strong and muscular.
Chest
Broad, deep, well let down to elbow level.
Ribs
Slightly arched.
Underline and belly
Abdomen moderately tucked up, never tucked up.

Tail

Medium insertion. Raised at rest, slightly above the hock. In action, saber-shaped, never curled over the back. Hair always more abundant than on the back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Strong, straight, vertical, plumb.
Shoulders
Well defined.
Upper arm
Muscular and strong.
Elbows
Attached to the body.
Forearm
Strong.
Carpal
Well furnished.
Pastern
Well furnished.
Forefeet
Slightly oval feet, tight toes. Black nails and hard pads, resistant to all types of terrain.

Hindquarters

Generality
Plumb, strong.
Upper thigh
Thighs and muscles broad, large and well developed, but not excessively bulky.
Metatarsus
Perpendicular to the ground.
Hock
Strong and not too low.
Hind feet
Like front feet, sometimes with a simple dewclaw.

Gait and movement

Easy, fluid, energetic, typical of a sheepdog. Able to change speed and direction without losing balance or harmony. Its natural stride is the trot, covering great distances without apparent effort.

Skin

Thick, close to the body.

Coat

Hair
There are two types of hair:
Short, bushy, close to the skin. In some specimens, it is a little longer on the back and spine, where it can show slight waves.
Medium-length, softer. Straight or with slight waves. Always shorter on face and front of limbs. Bangs on back, chest, belly and tail.
Colour
There are harlequin and black specimens with or without tan patches.
Four basic types are defined:
Black coat: shiny black. Exceptionally, it may have small white patches on the chest and lower limbs.
Fawn black coat: black with two well-defined supra-orbital spots, ranging from fawn to tan. There are also gradations of the same color and intensity on the muzzle, part of the face, chest and lower extremities.
Harlequin coat: a mixture of black, gray and white hairs in varying proportions, forming irregular patches that are capriciously distributed throughout the coat.
Harlequin coat with fawn gradations: has the same marbled appearance as the previous coat, also showing the fawn gradations defined in the black fawn layer.
Exceptionally, specimens with layers other than those mentioned may be accepted if they conform to the defined standard and present remarkable morphological and functional characteristics.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Between 48 and 55 cm. for males and 45 and 52 cm. for females.
Weight
16 to 27 kg for males and 15 to 25 kg for females.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Lack of premolars.
 Pincer bite.
 Slightly saddled or ingrown dorsolumbar line.
 Slight depigmentation of nose and mucous membranes.
 Tail curled over croup.

Serious faults

 Pronognathism or moderate enognathism.
 Absence of more than one premolar or tooth not due to trauma.
 Generalized depigmentation of nose and mucous membranes.
 Rabbit-tailed or anoure specimens.
 Incorrect or deviated legs.
 Croup significantly higher than withers.
 Unbalanced character.
 Excessive white color on coat.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or timid dog.
 Impaired vision.
 Deafness.
 Monorchidism or cryptorchidism.
 Prognathism or excessive enognatism.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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