Cyprus Hound

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Cyprus
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
Group
Group 6 Scent hounds and related breeds
Section
Section 1.2 Medium-sized hounds
Working
With working trial

Brief historical summary

The Cyprus Harlequin is a typical hunting dog long used by Cypriot hunters. Many ancient mosaics depict a hunting dog reminiscent of the harlequin.
It is certain that many people have been using the descendants of these dogs for hunting for centuries.
During the Ottoman and mainly British occupation, the local breed was crossed with other breeds brought to the island by the occupiers.
The result of this long process is today's dog. It is quite possible that other breeds (French dogs) popular and used by local hunters have contributed to the appearance of the Cypriot Harlequin Hound, which has developed over the last 25-30 years as an original breed with a highly original pigmentation of the harlequin coat.

General appearance

Medium-sized dog, longer in body than in height and withers. Balanced proportions. Strong bones, smooth, flat coat all over. Very specific harlequin pigmentation of the coat.

Important proportions

Rectangular body, longer than height and withers.
Skull length / muzzle length = 1/1 or muzzle slightly shorter than skull length.

Behaviour / temperament

Very active, always moving, affectionate and very sociable. On the hunt, he is a dog of great endurance. As long as it picks up the trail of its prey, it will follow it until it reaches its target, barking all the time with its nose on the ground and wagging its tail.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Nearly parallel craniofacial lines. Viewed from the side, the skull is flat, with a moderate stop that's not too deep. From the front, the skull appears rounded due to the shallow insertion of the ears. From above, the head is elongated, the muzzle tapering gently to the nose. The occipital bone is not pronounced. The bridge of the nose is slightly convex.
Skull
Medium width, wider in males. Viewed from the front, it has a convex profile. Width and length almost equal. Occipital bone barely marked.
Stop
Slightly marked, gently sloping.

Facial region

Nose
Large, with large, open nostrils. Color always matches coat pigmentation or may be black.
Muzzle
Conical, slightly arched muzzle. The width and depth of the muzzle are relatively equal. Moderately rectangular, tapering gently to the tip of the nose, but never pointed.
Lips
The upper lips cover the lower lips, which are loose and moderately developed, not too showy. Mucous membrane pigmentation should be the same color as the nose.
Jaws and teeth
Scissor bite. Level dentition is accepted. Healthy white teeth, well developed canines, complete dentition.
Cheeks
Not too prominent.
Eyes
Medium-sized, oval-shaped. Color conforms to coat pigmentation. Heterochromia (eyes of different color) is typical of the breed. Blue is very common in the strong pigmented layers of harlequins. Eyelid pigmentation is consistent with coat pigmentation.
Ears
Defined below eye level. Hanging, of great length (must reach at least the base of the nose), large "V" shaped with rounded tip.

Neck

Strong and broad, shaped like a truncated cone. Thick, fading skin with moderate, visible dewlap.

Body

Body
Rectangular, solid and robust, fairly compact in appearance.
Topline
Straight with a slight depth of back but never saddled.
Withers
Forward and well developed.
Back
Powerful and broad.
Loin
Broad and powerful, never higher than the middle of the back.
Croup
Broad and powerful, moderately sloping. Never too sloppy, neither too short nor higher than the withers.
Chest
Well developed, broad and deep, reaching to the elbows. The tip of the sternum is visible.
Ribs
Well sprung ribs forming a large ribcage.
Side
Visible, full flanks.
Underline and belly
Belly moderately stuck together.

Tail

Set at medium height. Strongly thicker at the root, gradually tapering to the tip. Covered with short hairs, at rest it reaches the level of the hock joint. In movement, the tail passes over the topline, and in action, is raised over the back but never touches it.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Vertical, straight and parallel. Length of forearm equal to length of shoulder. Strong bone structure, powerful pasterns, elbows close to the body.
Shoulders
Oblique, muscular shoulder blade, equal in length to the upper arm. The scapular-humeral angle is close to 105 degrees.
Upper arm
Strong.
Elbows
Elbows close to body.
Forearm
Straight with moderate length, vertical, with strong bones.
Pastern
Strong, with solid bones. Viewed from the side, slightly oblique.
Forefeet
Cat feet. Tight toes, strong nails, wide, hard pads.

Hindquarters

Generality
Powerful, well muscled, with excellent angulation. Seen from behind, parallel, with no deviation of the hocks.
Upper thigh
Strong and muscular. Coxofemoral angle close to 105 degrees.
Lower thigh
Medium length, well muscled. Femoral-tibial angle close to 115 degrees.
Stifle
Moderate curve.
Metatarsus
Long, with solid feet.
Hock
Well defined. Open hock angle.
Hind feet
Cat feet. May be slightly more elongated than the front feet. Dewclaws are present, usually single. It is not necessary to remove them. The pigmentation of the pads on the front and hind feet matches the coat color.

Gait and movement

The trot is the preferred gait, fluid and easy. They have a natural tendency to walk with their head down, sniffing almost all the time.

Skin

Elastic, thick, sufficiently glued all over the body. Pigmentation matches that of the coat.

Coat

Hair
Dense, short, smooth and flat, covering the entire body.
Colour
The breed has a very typical harlequin pigmentation. The most common colors are :
- Brown harlequin, brown and white harlequin, gray harlequin, gray and white harlequin.
- White with brown harlequin spots, white with gray harlequin spots.
- All colors, except all black or black and tan.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males : 47-52 cm, females : 45-50 cm, with a tolerance of +/- 2 cm.
Weight
In proportion to size : males maximum 25 kg, females maximum 22 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Light structure.
 Absence of 1 or 2 or more PM.
 Low face.
 Short croup.
 Hindquarters under body.
 Angulations too open.
 Forelegs tucked in or out.
 Limbs relaxed.
 Chest not deep enough.

Serious faults

 Fragile appearance.
 Muzzle too pointed.
 Overshot or undershot mouth.
 Entropion, ectropion.
 Saddled back.
 Croup higher than height of withers.
 Cow hock.
 Very loose elbows in front.
 Coat too long.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or too shy.
 Square body structure (body length equal to or less than height at withers).
 Split nose.
 Excessive undershot or overshot mouth.
 Albinism.
 Hard, long hair.
 Depigmentation of nose (pink nose) or pink spots on nose.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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