Poodle

FCI standard Nº 172

Effective from 01/08/2024
Origin
France
Translation
Jennifer Mulholland, in collaboration with Raymond Triquet
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs
Section
Section 2 Poodle
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Saturday 01 January 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 20 March 2024
Last update
Friday 05 April 2024
En français, cette race se dit
Caniche
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Pudel
En español, esta raza se dice
Caniche
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Poedel

Usage

Companion dog

Brief historical summary

Etymologically, the French word "caniche" (Poodle) comes from "cane", the French word for a female duck. In other countries, the name of the breed is associated with splashing around in water. Originally, this dog was used for wildfowling. It descends from the Barbet of which it has conserved many characteristics. In 1743, it was called the "caniche": the female of the barbet in French. Thereafter the Barbet and the Caniche (Poodle) were gradually separated. Breeders worked hard to obtain original subjects of uniform colour. The Poodle became very popular as a companion dog because of its friendly, joyful and loyal character and also because of its four sizes and different colours which everyone can choose according to preference.

General appearance

Dog of medium proportions, with a characteristic frizzy coat which is either curly or corded. The appearance is that of an intelligent dog, constantly alert and active, harmoniously built, giving an impression of elegance and pride.

Important proportions

• The length of the muzzle is approximately 9/10ths of that of the skull.
• The length of the body (scapular ischial) is slightly superior to the height at withers.
• The height at withers is practically equal to the height at the croup.
• The height at the elbow is 5/9ths of the height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

A dog renowned for its loyalty, capable of learning and being trained thus making it a particularly pleasant companion dog.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Distinguished, rectilinear and in proportion to the body. The head must be well chiselled and neither heavy nor excessively fine.
Skull
Skull: Its width is less than half the length of the head. The entire skull, seen from above, appears oval and seen from the side slightly convex. The axes of skull and muzzle are slightly divergent.
Superciliary arches: Moderately pronounced and covered with long hair.
Frontal furrow: Wide between the eyes, narrowing towards the occiput ,which is very pronounced. (In Miniatures it can be slightly less pronounced). 
Stop
Only slightly pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Developed, vertical profile; open nostrils. Black nose in black, white and grey subjects; in two-coloured black, two-coloured grey, black and fawn and in tricoloured subjects; brown nose in brown subjects, in two-coloured brown and brown and fawn. In fawn (apricot/red) and in two-coloured fawn subjects, the nose should be black or brown according to the intensity of the fawn colour. In light fawn subjects the nose should be as dark as possible.
Muzzle
Upper profile is perfectly straight; its length is approximately 9/10ths of that of the skull. The branches of the lower jaw are almost parallel. The muzzle is strong. The lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the lower jaw and not by the edge of the upper lip.
Lips
Moderately developed, rather tight, of medium thickness with the upper lip resting on the lower lip without hanging over it. Black in black, white and grey subjects; brown in brown subjects. In orange fawn (apricot) and red fawn subjects, the lips are more or less dark brown or black. The corner of the lips must not be pronounced.
Jaws and teeth
Scissor bite. Strong teeth.
Cheeks
Not prominent, shaped on the bones. The sub-orbital regions are chiselled and very slightly filled. Zygomatic arches very slightly pronounced.
Eyes
Keen expression, placed at the level of the stop and slightly oblique. Almond shaped. Black or dark brown colour. In brown subjects the colour may be dark amber.
Eyelids: The rims are black in black, white and grey subjects. In orange fawn (apricot) or red fawn subjects they may be brown or black.
Ears
Rather long, falling along the cheeks, set on in the prolongation of a line going from the top of the nose and passing under the outer corner of the eye; flat, widening after the attachment and rounded at the tip, they are covered with very long, wavy hair. The leather should reach the corner of the lips.

Neck

Strong ,slightly arched after the nape, of medium length and well porportioned. The head is carried high and proudly. The neck, without dewlap, is of oval cross section. Its length is slightly less than that of the head.

Body

Body
Well porprotioned. The length is slightly superior to height at withers.
Withers
Moderately developed.
Back
Short. Topline harmonious and taut. The height at withers is practically equal to the height from the top of the croup to the ground.
Loin
Firm and muscled.
Croup
Rounded but not falling away.
Chest
Reaching the elbow; its width is equal to 2/3 of depth. In Standard Poodles, the perimeter of the thorax, measured behind the shoulders, should be superior by 10 cms to the height at withers. Oval cross section, broad at dorsal part.
Side
Belly and Flanks tucked up but not excessively so.
Underline and belly
The point of the sternum should be slightly prominent and set rather high.

Tail

Set on quite high at the level of the loin (ideally carried at “ten past nine” compared to the topline). Tail docking is no longer authorized.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Perfectly upright and parallel, well muscled with good bone. The height from the elbow to the ground is slightly more than half the height at withers.
Shoulders
Sloping, muscular. The shoulder blade forms an angle of approximately 110° to the humerus.
Upper arm
The length of the humerus corresponds to that of the shoulder blade.
Carpal
In continuous line with front of forearm.
Pastern
Strong and almost upright seen in profile.
Forefeet
Rather small, firm, of short oval shape. Toes are well arched and tight fitting. The pads are hard and thick. The nails are black in black and grey subjects. They are black or brown in brown subjects. In whites the nails may be any colour in the range from horn colour to black. In the fawns they are brown or black; according to coat colour, as dark as possible

Hindquarters

Generality
Hind legs parallel seen from behind; muscles developed and very apparent. The hock joint is relatively well angulated; the coxal-femoral, tibial-femoral and tibial-tarsal angles should be pronounced.
Upper thigh
Well muscled and strong.
Metatarsus
Rather short and upright. The Poodle should be born without dewclaws on the hind legs.
Hind feet
Rather small, firm, of short oval shape. Toes are well arched and tight fitting. The pads are hard and thick. The nails are black in black and grey subjects. They are black or brown in brown subjects. In whites the nails may be any colour in the range from horn colour to black. In the fawns they are brown or black, according to coat colour, as dark as possible.

Gait and movement

The Poodle has a light and springy gait.

Skin

Supple, not loose, pigmented.
Black, brown, grey and orange fawn or red fawn Poodles must be pigmented in accordance with the colour of their coat. In white Poodles, a silver coloured skin is sought after.

Coat

Hair
Curly Coats : Profuse of fine, woolly texture, very frizzy, elastic and resistant to pressure of the hand. It should be thick, well furnished, of equal length and form even curls.
Corded Coats : Profuse of fine, woolly texture and dense, forming characteristic cords which should measure at least 20 cm.
Colour
Solid colours :
Black, white, brown.
Brown should be deep, rather dark, uniform and warm.
Any white marking in black and brown coats is highly undesirable.

Grey, fawn Beige and its paler derivatives are not admitted. Grey must be uniform, deep, neither blackish nor whitish, but depending on age may present some shades of grey. Fawn must be uniform. Can go from pale fawn to red fawn or even be orange fawn (apricot). Eyelids, nose, lips, gums, palate, natural orifices, scrotum and pads are well pigmented.
For light fawn subjects, all pigmentation should be as dark as possible. Any white marking in grey and fawn coats is highly undesirable.

Other colours :
Parti-coloured dogs, two colours
Predominance of white colour, with the other being distributed irregularly :
Black and white.
Blue/grey and white.
Fawn and white.
Brown and white.
(Some patches can appear on the white parts on the legs or the body, but they are not sought after)

Predominance of a clear colour with white parts on the legs, forechest and sometimes a mask on the muzzle and/or tip of the tail (dogs with mantle, tuxedo)
Brown coloured back
Black coloured back

Dogs with fawn coat colour : (predominance of one colour, with clearly defined fawn markings of a clear fawn colour) :

Brown with fawn markings
Black with fawn markings

Mandatory fawn markings :
• above each eye
• on the cheeks and inside the ears

• on the side of the muzzle
• at the end of each limb and inside
• on the chest, around the scrotum in males and around the vulva in females
Fawn markings should not be charcoal or too pale.
Any white marking is highly undesirable.

Tricoloured :
Black, white and marked with fawn. Fawn markings present at least on the eyebrows and around the scrotum in males and on the vulva in females.

Other pluricoloured dogs :
Brindle and white
Brindle

Size and weight

Height at withers
• Standard Poodles: Over 45 cm up to 60 cm with a tolerance of +2 cm. The Standard Poodle must be the enlarged and developed replica of the Medium Poodle of which it retains the same characteristics.
• Medium Poodles: Over 35 cm up to 45 cm.
• Miniature Poodles: Over 28 cm up to 35 cm. The Miniature Poodle must display the apprearance of a reduced Medium Poodle, retaining as much as possible the same proportions and without presenting any sign of dwarfism.
• Toy Poodles: Over 24 cm up to 28 cm (sought after ideal: 25 cm) (with a tolerance of -1 cm). The Toy Poodle maintains, in its ensemble, the aspect of a Miniature Poodle and the same general proportions complying with all the points of the standard. Any sign of dwarfism is excluded; only the occipital protuberance may be less pronounced.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Roach or sway back.
 Tail set on too low.
 Too restless subject.
 Absence of 2PM1 is not taken into account.
 Absence of one or two PM2, if symmetrical.
 Absence of M3 is not taken into account.

Serious faults

 Partially depigmented nose.
 Snipey nose.
 Pointed muzzle.
 Arched bridge of nose.
 Absence of two PM2 if not symmetrical.
 Eyes too big or sunken, not dark enough.
 Ears too short.
 Croup falling away.
 Tail curved over the back.
 Rear anuglations too straight.
 Flowing or extended gait.
 Sparse, soft or harsh hair.
 Colour not clearly defined or not uniform: blackish grey or whitish grey, washed out fawn, cream, beige in browns or very dark brown.
 Subjects with solid coloured coat : undefined or not solid colour.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Nose completely depigmented.
 Lack of type, particularly in head.
 Overshot or undershot.
 Absence of 1 incisor or 1 canine or 1 carnassial (P4 upper jaw, M1 lower jaw).
 Absence of one PM3 or of one PM4.
 Absence of three or more PM (except PM1).
 Absence of tail or naturally short tail.
 Dewclaws or evidence of dewclaws on rear limbs.
 Coat which is not solid colour.
 White marks.
 White hairs on feet.
 Height exceeding 62 cm in Standards and inferior to 23 cm in Toys.
 Any subject displaying signs of dwarfism, globulous skull, absence of occipital protuberance, very pronounced stop, prominent eyes muzzle too short and turned up, receding chin.
 Median furrow practically inexistant.
 Very light bone in Toys.
 Tail curled with the tip falling over the flank or the croup.
 For dogs with solid colour : any white marking on body and/or legs for all subjects other than the white ones.
 For dogs of another colour :
o Dogs with coat of one colour, with a single isolated mark (mismarking).

o Lack of harmony in the distribution of colours on the head.
o White patch surrounding the eye (pirate marking).
o White patch surrounding both eyes.

Important

Addition to standard
Judging a Poodle in a show does not mean it is judged in a grooming contest. It is not encouraged to stimulate over-grooming one’s dog.

AUTHORIZED SHOW CLIPS

The wearing of a moustache is authorized in all clips.

“Lion Clip” : The Poodle, whether curly or corded, shall be clipped on the hindquarters up to the ribs.
Also clipped : the muzzle, above and underneath from the lower eyelids; the cheeks; the forelegs and hindlegs, except for the cuffs or bracelets and optional motifs on the hindquarters; the tail, except for round or oblong terminal pompom. A moustache is required for all subjects. Leaving hair, called “trousers”, on the forelegs is admitted.

“Modern Clip” : Leaving hair on all four legs is only admitted on condition that the following norms are respected :
1.Shall be clipped :
a) The lower part of the forelegs, from the nails to the tip of the dewclaw, the lower part of the hindlegs to the same height. Machine clipping, limited to the toes only, is admitted.
b) The head and the tail in compliance with rules described above.
Shall be exceptionally admitted in this clip :
• The presence, under the lower jaw, of short hair no longer than 1cm the lower line of which should be cut parallel to the lower jaw. A beard, called “goat’s beard”, is not permitted.
• The suppression of the pompom on the tail.
2. Shortened coat :
Over the body, in order to give “shot silk” effect on the line of the back, more or less long but at least 1cm. The length shall be gradually increased over the ribs and above the limbs.
3. Neatened coat :
a) On the head which keeps a topknot of reasonable height as well as down behind the neck to the withers and the front, without discontinuity, to the shaven part of the foot following a slightly slanting line from the top of the forechest downwards. On the top of the ears and for a maximum of one third of their length, the coat may be cut with scissors or clipped in the direction of the hair. The lower part shall be left covered in hair whose length shall increase gradually, from top to bottom, to end in fringes which may be levelled.
b) On the limbs, “trousers” making a distinct transition from the shaven part of the feet. The length of the hair increases gradually towards the top to display, on the shoulder and likewise the thigh, a length of 4 to 7 cm measured by pulling the hair to straighten it, in proportion to the size of the exhibit while avoiding any “fluffy” effect. The hind “trousers” must allow for the typical angulation of the Poodle to be seen.
All other fancy clips which do not comply with these norms are eliminatory. Whatever the standard outline obtained by grooming, it should have no influence whatsoever on the placements in shows, all exhibits in the same class should be judged and placed together.

“English Clip” :
To the “Lion Clip” add motifs on the hindquarters, i.e. bracelets and cuffs. On the head: a topknot. For this clip the moustache is optional. The absence of demarcation on the hair of the hindquarters is tolerated. The topknot is optional (it is forbidden to use lacquer or any other substance to keep the topknot in place).

“Puppy Clip” :
Takes over the several shaven parts which characterize the Modern clip. On the head: a topknot of a reasonable height. The coat on the forequarters should form a ball, comparable to an ‘egg’ seen from the forechest up to the topknot. The so-called ‘trousers’ on the forequarters is preserved, accentuating the typical poodle angulation.
The tail – save for a pompon – should have an oval or oblong shape.
It should be clipped longer than wide with rounded angles.

“Scandinavian clip or Terrier clip” :
The clip is similar to that of the Modern clip, the difference being that the ears and tail may be shaven.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

The latest updated breeds

  • Pyredoodle -- Pyrenean Mountain Dog X Poodle

    Pyredoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pyredoodle The Pyredoodle is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Standard Poodle and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. It is a larger dog that is often considered a gentle giant. He gets along with most people. He's also...
  • Pyrador -- Pyrenean Mountain Dog X Labrador Retriever

    Pyrador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pyrador The Pyrador is an intentional cross between the most popular dog in the United States, the Labrador Retriever, and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, a faithful guardian and protector of sheep in the mountains...
  • Pushon -- Pug X Bichon frise

    Pushon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pushon The Pushon is an adorable little dog that combines the best features of the Pug with the fluffy softness of the Bichon frise. Although their size may be small, they have big personalities. They...
  • Pugwich -- Pug X Norwich Terrier

    Pugwich He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugwich The Pugwich is a sociable, affectionate dog of small to medium size that has a cheerful disposition and loves to play. They make ideal pets with their confidence and outgoing nature. Active and...
  • Pug Shiba -- Pug X Shiba

    Pug Shiba He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Japan -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pug Shiba The Pug Shiba is a hybrid breed. Its parent breeds are the Shiba and the Pug. Unfortunately, the Pug Shiba will lose frequently, as both parent breeds tend to do. He needs moderate activity and enjoys playing...
  • Pug Pit -- Pug X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Pug Pit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pug Pit The Pug Pit is a gentle, playful dog that is very affectionate with its family and with strangers too. He's happy in an apartment or house with a fenced-in yard. He is small and stocky. He will have a...
  • Pugottie -- Pug X Scottish Terrier

    Pugottie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugottie The Pugottie is a small mixed breed that is a cross between the Scottish Terrier and the Pug. These dogs generally weigh between 7 and 11.5 kilos and can measure around 30.5 centimeters when...
  • Pugland -- Pug X West Highland White Terrier

    Pugland He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugland The Pugland is a hybrid of the Pug and the West Highland White Terrier. Because both breeds are small dogs, the Pugland will also be small. They rarely measure more than 30.5 centimeters, and their...
  • Puginese -- Pug X Pekingese

    Puginese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Puginese The Puginese is a popular designer hybrid between the Pug and the Pekingese. The two parent dogs are similar in size and appearance. The Puginese was first developed in China and is well known for its appearance and...
  • Pugillon -- Pug X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Pugillon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Pugion A brief presentation of the Pugillon The Pugillon is a specific cross between a purebred Pug and a purebred Continental Toy Spaniel. Although both parent breeds were bred as pocket dogs, they are...
  • Pughasa -- Pug X Lhassa Apso

    Pughasa He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pughasa The Pughasa is a cross between a Pug and a Lhassa Apso. They are active, friendly dogs that make excellent pets. They are good with children if socialized early. Pughasa are playful and although they have...
  • Puggit -- Pug X Italian Sighthound

    Puggit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Puggit The Puggit is a specific crossbreed of two pets that have each been popular companions of royalty for hundreds of years, the Pug and the Italian Sighthound. It's a gentle, playful dog with a generally...
  • Puggat -- Pug X Rat Terrier

    Puggat He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Puggat The Puggat is a specific cross between the Pug, an ancient Chinese pet, and a feisty exterminator known as the Rat Terrier. These little dogs are quite energetic and playful, sometimes even clownish in their...
  • Pugese -- Pug X Chinese Crested Dog

    Pugese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugese The Pugese is a designer hybrid between the Chinese Crested Dog, a dog originally used as a ratter on ships around the world, and the Pug, a companion of royalty for thousands of years. These small dogs are generally...
  • Pug-Coton -- Pug X Coton de Tuléar

    Pug-Coton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pug-Coton The Pug-Coton is a hybrid breed. Its parent breeds are the Pug and the Coton de Tuléar. It's a friendly, loyal pet. A rather small dog, even at maturity, the Pug-Coton will weigh no more than 9...
  • Pug-a-Mo -- Pug X American Eskimo Dog

    Pug-a-Mo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pug-a-Mo The Pug-a-Mo is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Pug and the American Eskimo Dog. It's a small dog, weighing no more than 11.5 kilos at maturity. He's great with children and other pets. He's...
  • Pugairn -- Pug X Cairn Terrier

    Pugairn He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugairn The Pugairn is a specific cross between the Cairn Terrier and the Pug. With an average weight of between 4.5 and 8 kilos, this small dog is energetic and social, a blend of an active outdoor breed and...
  • Pugador -- Pug X Labrador Retriever

    Pugador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugador The Pugador is a hybrid in which the Pug is crossed with the Labrador Retriever. Although there isn't much information available on the hybrid, we can consider the traits of the two parent breeds to get...
  • Presa Dane -- Presa Canario X Great Dane

    Presa Dane He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Spain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Presa Dane The Presa Dane is a mixed breed dog. Its parent breeds are the Presa Canario and the Great Dane. Probably a giant-sized dog, the Presa Dane is in fact a gentle giant. He's loyal and affectionate...
  • Presa Bulldog -- Presa Canario X English Bulldog

    Presa Bulldog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Spain <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Presa Bulldog The Presa Bulldog is a strong, well-built hybrid breed created from the combination of the Presa Canario and the English Bulldog. As you might imagine, a Mastiff breed and an English...
  • Powderpap -- Chinese Crested Dog X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Powderpap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Powderpap The Powderpap is an equal hybrid of the Continental Toy Spaniel and Chinese Crested Dog breeds. As a small dog, the Powderpap is an excellent companion for anyone looking for a lively but small...
  • Poshies -- German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian X Shetland Sheepdog

    Poshies He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Poshies A cross between a Sheltie (Shetland Sheepdog) and a German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian, the Poshies is a highly energetic, independent and loyal hybrid breed that's sure to steal your heart. The Poshies is...
  • Poovanese -- Poodle X Havanese Bichon

    Poovanese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France <> Western Mediterranean -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Hava-Poo Island Mini Doodle Havanoodle Havadoodle Havanesepoo A brief presentation of the Poovanese The Poovanese is a hybrid pet that combines the traits of the Havanese Bichon and the Poodle. It's a small to...
  • Poo-Ton -- Poodle X Coton de Tuléar

    Poo-Ton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Doodle-Ton Cotondoodle Cotonpoo A brief presentation of the Poo-Ton The Poo-Ton is a cross between a pure-bred Coton de Tuléar and a miniature Poodle or pure-bred toy. They are small but full of energy and make...
  • Pootalian -- Poodle X Italian Sighthound

    Pootalian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Italian Greyhoundoodle A brief presentation of the Pootalian The Pootalian is an equal cross between the Poodle and the Italian Sighthound. It is a small dog with a rough, stiff coat, button eyes and floppy...